J. Phys. IV France 03 (1993) C6-91-C6-106
Reactions ([MATH],2e) and (e,3e) as probes of electronic correlations in atomsM.Ya. AMUSIA1, 2
1 Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 S. Cass Ave., Argonne, IL 60439, U.S.A.
2 A.F. Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute, St. Petersburg 194021, Russia
Cross sections of the (\Upsilon,2e) and (e,3e) reactions carry information on two vacancy energy spectrum and on electron pair correlations in initial and final states of the target atom. Physical pictures of these processes are presented for two- and many-electron atoms. Simplest mechanisms of them are discussed, demonstrating some features which are waiting for experimental confirmation. Attention is given to high photon energy and even to relativistic energy region of these reactions. The energy distribution of outgoing relativistic electrons is qualitatively different from what it is for the nonrelativistic case. Origin and types of corrections to the simplest mechanisms and possible means of their detection are discussed. Role of different resonances : shape, glant, autoionizational, and Feschbach-type are considered. Results of calculations are compared with experimental data, mainly on double photoionization cross sections. Different possible objects as targets for the reactions are mentioned, including negative ions, excited atoms, molecules and clusters. Modification of the type of these reactions due to rather probable emission of the photon is discussed. Future of the domain is outlined.
© EDP Sciences 1993