J. Bodzenta, M. Dzida and T. Pustelny
J. Phys. IV France 137 (2006) 291-295
Thermal stability of chemically bonded phases on silica gel by photoacoustic FT-IR spectroscopyA. Kierys, S. Pasieczna, J. Ryczkowski and J. Goworek
University of Maria Curie-Sklodowska, Faculty of Chemistry, Pl. M. Curie-Sklodowskiej 3, 20-031 Lublin, Poland
(Published online 23 December 2006)
The temperature resistance of chemically bonded phases on commercial silica gel, LiChrosorb RP 2, RP 8, RP 18 and unmodified Si 60 were tested at different temperatures by photoacoustic FT-IR spectroscopy. The surface characteristics and possible degradation of hydrocarbon phase at higher temperatures were investigated by means of FT-IR/PAS technique. For a series of investigated samples heated up to 423 K, the FT-IR/PAS spectra are similar to those for initial silica samples. The most characteristic band for alkyl modified silica gel, i.e., RP 2, RP 8, and RP 18 was observed between 3200 cm-1 to 2800 cm-1 corresponding to various hydrocarbon species. The bands at 3745 cm-1, 3650 cm-1, and 3430 cm-1 observed in the photoacoustic FT-IR spectra may be ascribed to isolated silanol groups (Si-OH), geminal groups (Si-(OH)2) and hydrogen-bonded Si-OH groups, respectively. For all samples the intensity of the broad band in the region 3800 cm-1 to 3200 cm-1 decreases with the increasing temperature. The additional peak at 3745 cm-1 for chemically bonded long hydrocarbon chain, i.e., C18 and C8 after thermal treatment at 573 K is observed.
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