J. Cirne, R. Dormeval, et al.
J. Phys. IV France 134 (2006) 1215-1223
Fracture simulation of elastomer blended polypropylene based on elastoviscoplastic constitutive equation with craze and tensile softening lawH. Mae
Honda R&D Co., Ltd., 4630 Shimotakanezawa, Haga-machi, Tochigi 321-3393, Japan
Published online: 26 July 2006
The strong strain-rate dependence, neck propagation and craze evolution characterize the large plastic deformation and fracture behavior of polymer. In the latest study, Kobayashi, Tomii and Shizawa suggested the elastoviscoplastic constitutive equation based on craze evolution and annihilation and then applied it to the plane strain issue of polymer. In the previous study, the author applied their suggested elastoviscoplastic constitutive equation with craze effect to the three dimensional shell and then showed that the load displacement history was in good agreement with the experimental result including only microscopic crack such as crazes. For the future industrial applications, the macroscopic crack has to be taken into account. Thus, the main objective of this study is to propose the tensile softening equation and then add it to the elastoviscoplastic constitutive equation with craze effect so that the load displacement history can be roughly simulated during the macroscopic crack propagation. The tested material in this study is the elastomer blended polypropylene used in the interior and exterior of automobiles. First, the material properties are obtained based on the tensile test results at wide range of strain rates: 10 - 4-102 (1/sec). Next, the compact tension test is conducted and then the tensile softening parameters are fixed. Then, the dart impact test is carried out in order to obtain the load displacement history and also observe the macroscopic crack propagation at high strain rate. Finally, the fracture behavior is simulated and then compared with the experimental results. It is shown that the predictions of the constitutive equation with the proposed tensile softening equation are in good agreement with the experimental results for the future industrial applications.
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