J. Cirne, R. Dormeval, et al.
J. Phys. IV France 134 (2006) 109-116
Phenomenological study of a cellular material behaviour under dynamic loadingsR. Bouix, Ph. Viot and J.-L. Lataillade
LAMEFIP–ENSAM, Esplanade des Arts et Métiers, 33405 Talence Cedex, France
Published online: 26 July 2006
Polypropylene foams are cellular materials, which are often use to fill structures subjected to crash or violent impacts. Therefore, it is necessary to know and to characterise in experiments their mechanical behaviour in compression at high strain rates. So, several apparatus have been used in order to highlight the influence of strain rate, material density and also temperature. A split Hopkinson Pressure Bar has been used for impact tests, a fly wheel to test theses materials at medium strain rate and an electro-mechanical testing machine associated to a climatic chamber for temperature tests. Then, a rheological model has been used in order to describe the material behaviour. The mechanical response to compression of these foams presents three typical domains: a linear elastic step, a wide collapse plateau stress, which leads to a densification, which are related to a standard rheological model.
© EDP Sciences 2006