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J. Phys. IV France
Volume 131, December 2005
Page(s) V - 8
Publié en ligne 18 janvier 2006
International Workshop on Electronic Crystals
S. Brazovskii, P. Monceau and N. Kirova
J. Phys. IV France 131 (2005) V-8

DOI: 10.1051/jp4:2005131001


Serguei Brazovskii, Pierre Monceau and Natacha Kirova

The International Workshop on ELECTRONIC CRYSTALS, ECRYS-2005, was the fourth in the series of such meetings held in France: following ECRYS-93 in Carry-le-Rouet, ECRYS-99, in La Colle-surLoup, and ECRYS-02 in Saint-Flour.

The Workshop brought together nearly 100 researchers, chemists and physicists, from 11 countries; it was hosted by the Institut d'Études Scientifiques of the CNRS, at Cargèse, Corsica, France. The Workshop was supported by the European Physical Society, the Office of Naval Research Global of US, the Department of Mathematics and Physics of the CNRS, France.

ECRYS Workshops are intended to provide a cross-link between various communities engaged in parallel studies of static and dynamic properties of superstructures formed by electrons and vortices. Representatives of such electronic crystals are charge and spin density waves in low dimensional materials, Wigner crystals of electrons in bulks, at 2D interfaces and in wires, stripe phases in conducting oxides including the family of high Tc superconductors, various forms of charge order in organic quasi 1D one- and two-dimensional materials, charged colloidal crystals. ECRYS Workshops consider also related systems like vortex lattices in superconductors, domain walls in magnetic and ferroelectric materials.

While microscopic physical mechanisms are diverse and specific to each system, the general phenomena are quite universal: a depinning above a threshold, collective transport properties due to the sliding phenomena, non-stationary and memory effects, glassy properties due to numerous metastable states, aging dynamics and rejuvenation phenomena, etc.

In recent years, much of experimental progress has been achieved in fields covered by ECRYS Workshops with the use of advanced techniques: focused ion beam and reactive ion etching for fabrication of CDW submicronic devices, atomic resolution in UHV STM, point contact spectroscopy, electron photoemission, microbeam diffraction, coherent X-ray diffraction, pulse laser light excitation, etc.

The present proceedings highlight the state-of-art in this field. The topics discussed at the Workshop were related to microscopic mechanisms and quantum effects, charge ordering and charge disproportionation, ferroelectricity, collective effects in pinning and sliding, glassy behavior, tunneling, high magnetic fields and field induced density wave, two dimensional electron solids at heterojunctions, meso- and nanostructures of charge density wave materials. A short session was also devoted to charges in soft matter. Theoretical aspects ranged from the phenomenology of the collective sliding to microscopics of strongly correlated electrons.

The discussion forum opened by the Workshop ECRYS-05, as well as the preceding ones, fills the need of an international meeting with a cross-disciplinary nature for a review of new developments and results in the field of spontaneous superstructures. The present ECRYS-05 Workshop Proceedings demonstrates, we believe, the lively research activity in this field and will serve as a useful reference document. We are grateful to all participants of the Workshop for their active contribution.

Serguei Brazovskii, Pierre Monceau and Natacha Kirova

© EDP Sciences 2005
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