J. Phys. IV France 112 (2003) 677
Phase fractions of B2, B19 ', R-phase and Ni Ti in NiTi alloys during two-step phase transformationsH. Sitepu1, W.W. Schmahl1, T. Reinecke1, J. Khalil Allafi2 and G. Eggeler2
1 Institut für Geologie, Mineralogie und Geophysik, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, 44780 Bochum, Germany
2 Institut für Werkstoffe, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, 44780 Bochum, Germany
We investigated the phase composition of (i) solution annealed and subsequently aged Ti-50.7 at.-%Ni alloy and (ii) solution annealed Ti-50.1 at.-%Ni alloy cycled 30 times between 100 °C and-196 °C by x-ray diffraction through the martensitic phase transformation. Both samples show "two-step" transformation behaviour with two exothermic differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) peaks on cooling and one endothermic DSC peak on heating. For the aged Ni-rich material the x-ray data, which reflect the conditions at the sample surface only, indicate that in the presence of the Ni 4Ti 3 precipitates the B2 phase transforms to the R-phase, which then transforms to B19 ' phase in the second step on cooling. The transition to B19 ' starts well above the second peak. In the cycled, precipitate-free material, the R-phase coexists with B2, and/or B19 ' throughout its limited temperature range of stability.
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