J. Phys. IV France
Volume 12, Numéro 8, September 2002
Page(s) 177 - 190

J. Phys. IV France
12 (2002) Pr8-177
DOI: 10.1051/jp4:20020332

Corrosion of metallic materials in flowing liquid lead-bismuth

F. Balbaud-Celerier1, P. Deloffre1, A. Terlain1 and A. Rusanov2

1  Service de la Corrosion et du Comportement des Matériaux dans leur Environnement, CEA/Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette cedex, France
2  IPPE, Bondarenko Square 1, Obninsk 249020, Kaluga Region, Russia

Corrosion tests of martensitic and austenitic steels were performed in a forced liquid eutectic Ph-Bi circulation loop. Experiments were carried out at 470°C and 600°C. Two oxygen concentrations in Pb-Bi were studied: 10-6 wt% and 10-7-10-8 wt%. The results showed that at 470°C, all the tested steels have a satisfying corrosion behaviour for both oxygen contents. An oxide layer is formed on martensitic steels (T91 and EM10); its thickness depends on the oxygen content. It is constituted of an outer layer of magnetite and an inner (Fe, Cr) 3O 4 spinel layer. Austenitic steel 316L is protected by a very thin oxide layer ( < 1  $\mu$m). At 600°C, martensitic steels (T91 and EM10) undergo an important oxidation for both oxygen contents (after 1000h, the thickness of the oxide layer varies from 10-15 $\mu$m to 20-25 $\mu$m depending on the oxygen content). The oxide layer is constituted of (Fe, Cr) 3O 4 spinel and appears porous. Austenitic 316L undergoes severe dissolution at the lowest oxygen content in Ph-Bi and partial dissolution and oxidation at the highest oxygen concentration. Erosion phenomena were observed on all the steels.

© EDP Sciences 2002