Numéro
J. Phys. IV France
Volume 12, Numéro 8, September 2002
Page(s) 123 - 140
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/jp4:20020328


J. Phys. IV France
12 (2002) Pr8-123
DOI: 10.1051/jp4:20020328

Control and monitoring of oxygen content in molten metals. Application to lead and lead-bismuth melts

V. Ghetta1, J. Fouletier2, M. Henault2 and A. Le Moulec1

1  Laboratoire de Thermodynamique et Physico-Chimie Métallurgiques (LTPCM), ENSEEG, INP Grenoble, BP. 75, 38402 Saint-Martin-d'Hères cedex, France
2  Laboratoire d'Electrochimie et de Physicochimie des Matériaux et des Interfaces (LEPMI), ENSEEG, INP Grenoble, BP. 75, 38402 Saint-Martin-d'Hères cedex, France


Abstract
The sources of error in potentiometric measurements of the oxygen activity in molten metals and the methods proposed to reduce these measurement errors are described. Specific constraints related to low temperature measurements are emphasized. Two set-ups for control of the oxygen activity in molten lead and lead-bismuth were developed. They involve zirconia-based cells, i.e., an oxygen pump and an oxygen probe. The performance of the set-ups was characterized. Attempts to reduce the working temperature (T < 4500°C) are discussed.



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