J. Phys. IV France 10 (2000) Pr9-503-Pr9-508
Localized fatigue fracture in thermo-viscoplastic flow processes under cyclic dynamic loadingsW. Dornowski1 and Perzyna2
1 Military University of Technology, Kaliskiego 2, 01-489 Warsaw, Poland
2 Institute of Fundamental Technological Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, Swietokrzyska 21, 00-049 Warsaw, Poland
The main objective of the paper is the investigation of localized fatigue fracture phenomena in thermo-viscoplastic flow processes under cyclic dynamic loadings. A general constitutive model of elasto-viscoplastic damaged polycrystalline solids is developed within the thermodynamic framework of the rate type covariance structure with finite set of the internal state variables. To describe suitably the time and temperature dependent effects observed experimentally and the accumulation of the plastic deformation and damage during dynamic cyclic loading process the kinetics of microdamage and the kinematic hardening law have been used in modified forms. The relaxation time is used as a regularization parameter. By assuming that the relaxation time tends to zero, the rate independent elastic-plastic response can be obtained. Fracture criterion based on the evolution of microdamage is formulated. Particular example has been considered, namely a dynamic adiabatic cyclic loading process for a thin plate with sharp notch. To the upper edge of the plate is applied cyclic constraint realized by rigid rotation of the edge of the plate while the lower edge is supported rigidly. Small localized region, distributed asymmetrically near the tip of the notch, which undergoes significant deformation and temperature rise has been determined. Its evolution until occurrence of fatigue fracture has been simulated. The propagation of the macroscopic fatigue damage crack within the material of the plate is investigated. It has been found that the length of the macroscopic fatigue damage crack distinctly depends on the wave shape of the assumed loading cycle.
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