J. Phys. IV France 10 (2000) Pr5-129-Pr5-134
Quasi-universal scaling law for atomic transport in simple fluidsY. Rosenfeld
Department of Physics, Nuclear Research Center Negev, P.O. Box 9001, Beer-Sheva 84190, Israel
A semi-empirical "universal" corresponding states relationship, for the dimensionless transport coefficients of dense fluids as functions of the reduced configurational entropy, was proposed more than twenty years ago and established by many simulations. Recently it was shown analytically, by appealing to Enskog's original results for the inverse power potentials, that the quasi-universal entropy scaling can be extended also to dilute gases. The analytic form and the possible origin for the entropy scaling for dense fluids are discussed in view of this unexpected result. The minimum in the shear viscosity as function of temperature was estimated for all soft inverse power potentials, in quantitative agreement with the available simulations.
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