J. Phys. IV France 09 (1999) Pr9-371-Pr9-381
A viscoplastic model for numerical simulation of welding and post-weld heat treatmentA. Razakanaivo and F. Waeckel
Électricité de France, Direction des Études et Recherches, 1 avenue du Général de Gaulle, 92141 Clamart cedex, France
A viscoplastic model is developed to perform numerical simulation of welding and post-weld heat treatment in an industrial context. It can describe with the same formalism the steel inelastic behaviour all along the process : time-independent plastic at low temperature, viscoplastic at higher temperature and viscous fluid for melted metal. Applied for the description of the French vessel steel over a temperature from 500°C to 1300°C while this latest is viscoplastic, it provides a good fitting of creep curves with the primary and the secondary creep. Furthermore, the model identified with the creep-curves well reproduces tensile tests and relaxation tests. The model allows to involve metallurgical transformation effects. It is incorporated within a general modelling build to describe the whole mechanical behaviour during welding process, with temperature and metallurgical coupling.
© EDP Sciences 1999