J. Phys. IV France 09 (1999) Pr9-261-Pr9-270
Linking continuum mechanics and 3D discrete dislocation simulationsM.C. Fivel1, 2 and A.A. El-Azab3
1 GPM2-CNRS, ENSPG, 101 rue de la Physique, BP. 46, 38402 Saint-Martin-d'Hères cedex, France
2 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, P.O. Box 808, L-415, Livermore, CA 94550, U.S.A.
3 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, MSIN:K5-26, P.O. Box 999, Richland, WA 99352, U.S.A.
A technique is developed for linking the methods of discrete dislocation dynamics simulation and finite element to treat elasto-plasticity problems. The overall formulation views the plastically deforming crystal as an elastic crystal with continuously changing dislocation microstructure which is tracked by the numerical dynamics simulation. The FEM code needed in this regard is based on linear elasticity only. This formulation presented here is focused on a continuous updating of the outer shape of the crystal, for possible regeneration of the FEM mesh, and adjustment of the surface geometry, in particular the surface normal. The method is expected to be potentially applicable to the nano-indentation experiments, where the zone around the indenter-crystal contact undergoes significant permanent deformation, the rigorous determination of which is very important to the calculation of the indentation print area and in turn, the surface hardness. Furthermore, the technique is expected to account for the plastic history of the surface displacement under the indenter. Other potential applications are mentioned in the text.
© EDP Sciences 1999