J. Phys. IV France 08 (1998) Pr8-391-Pr8-398
Effect of T-stress on the cleavage crack growth resistance resulting from plastic flowV. Tvergaard
Department of Solid Mechanics, Technical University of Denmark, 2800 Lyngby, Denmark
Crack growth is studied numerically for cases where fracture occurs by atomic separation, so that the length scale of the fracture process is typically much smaller than the dislocation spacing. Thus, the crack growth mechanism is brittle, but due to plastic flow at some distance from the crack tip, the materials show crack growth resistance. It is shown here that the resistance is strongly dependent on the value of the non-singular T-stress, acting parallel to the crack plane. The numerical technique employed makes use of a thin dislocation-free strip of elastic material inside which the crack propagates, with the material outside described by continuum plasticity. Thus the width of the strip is a material length scale comparable to the dislocation spacing or the dislocation cell size.
© EDP Sciences 1998