J. Phys. IV France 08 (1998) Pr8-365-Pr8-373
A continuum mechanical gradient theory with applications to fluid mechanicsG. Silber1, 2, R. Trostel2, M. Alizadeh1 and G. Benderoth1
1 Fachhochschule Frankfurt am Main, Labor für Materialwissenschaften (LabMat), Fachbereich Feinwerktechnik, Nibelungenplatz 1, 60318 Frankfurt am Main, Germany
2 Technische Universität Berlin, Institut für Mechanik, Fachbereich Verkehrswesen und Angewandte Mechanik, Stresse des 17. Juni, 10623 Berlin, Germany
A gradient theory of grade two based on an axiomatic conception of a nonlocal continuum theory for materials of grade n is presentated. The total stress tensor of rank two in the equation of linear momentum contains two higher stress tensors of rank two and three. In the case of isotropic materials both the tensor of rank two and three are tensor-valued functions of the second order strain rate tensor and its first gradient so that the equation of motion is of order four. The necessary boundary conditions for real boundaries are generated by using so-called porosity tensors. This theory is applied to two experiments. To a velocity profile of a turbulent COUETTE flow of water and a POISEUILLE flow of a blood like suspension. On the basis of these experimental data the material and porosity coefficients are identified by numerical algorithms like evolution strategies.
© EDP Sciences 1998