J. Phys. IV France 08 (1998) Pr8-285-Pr8-292
Numerical simulation of grain-size effects on creep crack growth by means of grain elementsP.R. Onck and E. van der Giessen
Koiter Institute, Delft University of Technology, Mekelweg 2, 2628 CD Delft, The Netherlands
The effect of grain size on creep crack growth is investigated by means of a numerical technique in which the actual crack growth process is simulated in a discrete manner by grain elements and grain boundary elements. The grain elements account for the creep deformation of individual grains, while grain boundary cavitation and sliding are accounted for by grain boundary elements between the grains. This grain-element technique allows for an independent study of multiple grain size effects : a (direct) size effect related to the specimen size/grain size ratio or an (indirect) effect related to the effect of grain size on nucleation rate and creep resistance. Preliminary numerical results are presented concerning the direct effect of grain size, which predict that the crack growth rate and brittleness increase with grain size.
© EDP Sciences 1998