J. Phys. IV France 08 (1998) Pr2-229-Pr2-232
Magnetic anisotropy and coercivity in MgO/Fe (tFe)/Ag filmsT. Tolinski and J. Baszynski
Institute of Molecular Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Smoluchowskiego 17, 60-179 Poznan, Poland
Magnetic systems with reduced dimensionality show critical features, such as perpendicular surface anisotropy, enhanced magnetic moment. We have compared the magnetic properties of the iron thin films deposited by electron beam evaporation onto MgO and glass/Ag(buffer) substrates. The steps on the MgO(001) substrates of height =4.1 nm were imagined by AFM. FMR has been employed to study the magnetic anisotropy HK, and coercivity HC was measured using VSM. In the iron films on MgO substrate the strong in-plane fourfold anisotropy (K1=4.8x104 J/m3 for tFe=23nm) was observed. The anisotropy field scales with the iron film thickness. HC appeared to be significantly reduced in comparison with HK (HK=2K1/M=10xHC). This result was ascribed to the pinning effects occurring at the steps on the substrate surface. The iron films on glass/Ag were characterized by weak uniaxial anisotropy (Ku=0.28x104 J/m3) consistent with the coercivity.
© EDP Sciences 1998