J. Phys. IV France 07 (1997) C5-239-C5-244
Ausforming and Marforming of a Cu-Zn26.3-Al3.9 Shape Memory AlloyJ. Spielfeld1, E. Hornbogen1 and M. Franz2
1 Ruhr-University, Institute for Materials, 44780 Bochum, Germany
2 University of Zagreb, Institute for Mech. Engineering, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
A copper-based shape memory alloy with Ms below ambient temperature is investigated in four different conditions :
1) As betatized.
2) Ausformed at 800 °C and at 780° C, subsequently quenched.
3) Marformed by different amounts of true plastic deformation at temperatures below Mf.
4) Mechanically cycled (ausformed and as betatized state). The stress amplitudes Δσa are chosen in the range between pseudo yield stress Rpp and conventional yield stress Rp0.2 ( Rpp ≤ σa ≤ Rp0.2). Different metallographic measurements are conducted to describe changes in microstructure and transformation behaviour. Ausforming results in a high defect density (dislocations, anti-phase-domain boundaries) in the ordered austenite. Cu-rich α-precipitates at grain boundaries are observed. The Ms temperature is lowered significantly. The conventional yield stress is raised. By marforming various defects and crystallographic disorder are generated in the martensite. They are responsible for suppression of the diffusion-less reverse transformation in the case of high amounts of true plastic deformation. Above a critical number of mechanical cycles of the ausformed alloy the martensitic as well as the reverse transformation take place in a two step mode which stays stable even in the following DSC cycles. An explanation can be based on the induction of defects which nucleate an additional type of diffusionless transformation.
© EDP Sciences 1997