J. Phys. IV France 07 (1997) C4-247-C4-258
Emission Spectroscopy of the Cathode Fall Region of an Analytical Glow DischargeN. Konjevic, I.R. Videnovic and M.M. Kuraica
Faculty of Physics, University of Belgrade, P.O. Box 368, 11001 Belgrade, Yugoslavia
Stark spectroscopy of hydrogen Balmer lines and neutrai helium lines with forbidden components is used for the study of an analyticai glow discharge. Splitting of the hydrogen Hβ and Hγ lines is applied for simultaneous determination of local electric field and temperature of excited H atoms in pure hydrogen and in argon-hydrogen mixture. Temperature measurements showed that, in pure hydrogen discharge, at least two groups of excited atoms exist : "slow", with average energies in the range from 3.4 eV to 8.2 eV and "fast", ranging between 80 eV and 190 eV. In argon-hydrogen discharge, excited hydrogen neutrals with average energies between 32 eV and 43 eV are detected only. The origin of these energetic neutrals is related to the presence of H+ and H3+ : ions in pure hydrogen, and to the dominant role of H3+ ion in argon-hydrogen mixture. For both gases, in the negative glow region, the increase of the exited hydrogen atoms temperature is detected and explanation suggested. For the electric field measurements in pure helium and helium-hydrogen mixture, the Stark splitting and shitiig of the neutral helium 492.19 nm, 447.15 nm and 406.62 nm with respect to their forbidden counterparts is used. Good agreement between electric field measurements from these three helium lies is obtained.
© EDP Sciences 1997