J. Phys. IV France 7 (1997) C2-223-C2-224
Application of a Novel Differential XAFS Approach for Determination of Coordination GeometriesD.E. Ramaker1, H. Sambe1, X. Qian2 and W.E. O'Grady3
1 Chemistry Department, George Washington University, Washington DC 20052, U.S.A.
2 Chemistry Department, George Washington University, Washington DC 20052 U.S.A.
3 Naval Research Laboratory, Washington DC 20375, U.S.A.
A novel differential XAFS approach has been developed which allows the determination of small distortions in coordination geometry (distortions in bond lengths and angles) about the absorber. The approach requires taking the difference, Δχ, between the XAFS of the sample and a reference material. The Fourier transform of Δχ directly reveals the average of the altered path lengths between the sample and the reference. More importantly, the amplitude of Δχ directly reflects the magnitude of the changes in the bond lengths or angles. FEFF6 calculations verify this approach, and help to interpret the data. Application of this technique has been made to the zincate ion in an alkaline Zn battery, where small distortions from the Td geometry resulting from ion pair interactions can be determined directly.
© EDP Sciences 1997