J. Phys. IV France 7 (1997) C2-819-C2-820
XAFS Study of Cu(II) at the Water-Goethite (α-FeOOH) InterfaceL. Bochatay1, P. Persson1, L. Lövgren1 and G.E. Brown Jr.2
1 Department of Inorganic Chemistry, Umeå University, 90187 Umeå, Sweden
2 Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford CA 94305-2115, U.S.A
Cu(II) complexation at the water-goethite (α-FeOOH) interface was studied by XAFS, potentiometry, and sorption experiments. Thermodynamic data indicate that the initial Cu(II) sorption is not accompanied by release of a H+. As pH is raised, hydrolysis occurs, and a maximum of two H+ are released per sorbed ion. Sorption experiments also show that Cu(II) complexation is insensitive to variation in ionic strength, indicating inner-sphere Cu complexes. The Cu K-edge XAFS suggest that the Cu(II) surface complexes are Jahn-Teller distorted with an equatorial plane of oxygens at approximately 1.95 Å. At pH 5, no 2nd coordination shell is observed. However, at pH 8 there is a well-defined 2nd shell which is best modeled with two Cu atoms at 2.96 Å. The appearance of a 2nd coordination shell at higher pH is attributed to the formation of hydroxo-bridged Cu(II) surface polymers.
© EDP Sciences 1997