Eleventh International Conference on Internal Friction and Ultrasonic Attenuation in Solids
J. Phys. IV France 06 (1996) C8-63-C8-72
Anelastic Relaxation of Point Defects in Cubic CrystalsM. Weller
Max-Planck-Institut für Metallforschung, Institut für Werkstoffwissenschaft, Seestrasse 92, 70174 Stuttgart, Germany
Point defects in solids can give rise to anelastic relaxation provided that the defects behave as elastic dipoles. Experiments with single crystals give information on the atomic configuration of the point defects. Measurements of the orientation dependence of the relaxation strength allow determination of the defect symmetry and the dipole shape factor δλ=|λ1-λ2|. This is demonstrated for two examples : (i) The Snoek relaxation of O and N in Nb and Ta single crystals : The δλ values for O and N are in the range of 0.6 to 0.7. The tetragonal defect symmetry is confirmed by experiments on Nb-O crystals with various orientations. (ii) Defects in cubic, Y2O3 - or CaO-stabilized ZrO2 : The oxygen vacancies created for charge compensation are associated with dopant cations thus forming elastic (and electric) dipoles. The dipoles exhibit trigonal symmetry.
© EDP Sciences 1996