Eleventh International Conference on Internal Friction and Ultrasonic Attenuation in Solids
J. Phys. IV France 06 (1996) C8-489-C8-492
Anisotropy of Elastic and Relaxation Properties of the Superconducting 123-YBCO Single CrystalP.P. Pal-Val, L.N. Pal-Val, V.V. Demirsky, V.D. Natsik and M.N. Sorin
B. Verkin Institute for Low-Temperature Physics & Engineering, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 47 Lenin Ave., 310164 Kharkov, Ukraine
Acoustic properties of the YBa2Cu3O6.7 sigle crystal are studied in the temperature range 5-300 K. The wave vector of the longitudinal and torsional standing waves in the frequency range 50 - 90 kHz was directed along and normal to the c-axis. It is showm that the acoustic anomalies observed in the single crystal qualitatively are the same that those found earlier in the 123-YBCO ceramics but depend strongly on the mutual orientation of the wave vector and the c-axis. It is established that the significant temperature hysteresis and "softening" of the dynamic elastic moduli at thermocycling are observed only in the case when the sound waves have a displacement component along the c-axis. Moreover, in this case the sound absorption peak near 230 K is more pronounced. The locations of sound absorption peaks are not sensitive to the oscillation mode and sample orientation. The results obtained are qualitatively consistent with the model of bistable behaviour of the sublattice formed by apical oxygen atoms.
© EDP Sciences 1996