1st European Mechanics of Materials Conference on Local Approach to Fracture '86 - 96'
J. Phys. IV France 06 (1996) C6-539-C6-548
Effect of Thermomechanical Loading on Near Tip ConstraintN.P. O'Dowd1 and J.D.G. Sumpter2
1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Imperial College, London SW7 2BX, U.K.
2 Defence Research Agency, Dunfermline, KY11 2XR, U.K.
Two parameter approaches to elastic-plastic fracture mechanics were introduced to remove some of the conservatism inherent in the one parameter approach based on the J integral, ([l]) and to account for constraint effects on fracture toughness. It was shown in ,  and  among others that much of the dependence of fracture toughness on specimen geometry could be explained by two parameter fracture theories based on Q or T. This paper examines the effect of residual or thermal stress fields on constraint in a mechanically loaded body. Finite element analyses of representative thermal loadings which give rise to high and low constraint stress fields (high and low T or Q) have been conducted. The structure is then subjected to mechanical loading, both tension and bending dominated to assess the effect on the near tip constraint. It is observed that the two parameter structure of the fields is maintained and values of Q stress have been obtained from the analyses. The thermal loading initially has a strong effect on the Q value but at higher loads when the mechanical loading dominates, this effect is much weaker. The ability of a two parameter approach using the T stress to account for constraint is assessed.
© EDP Sciences 1996