1st European Mechanics of Materials Conference on Local Approach to Fracture '86 - 96'
J. Phys. IV France 06 (1996) C6-375-C6-384
A Mechanical Model for the Onset of Damage in Rubber Modified Amorphous PolymersC. Fond and R. Schirrer
Institut Charles Sadron, 6 rue Boussingault, 67083 Strasbourg, France
At medium loading rates, void formation usually precedes plasticity in the matrix around the particles in rubber toughened polymers. Many authors have proposed models for the relationship between rubber surface energy, volume strain energy and void growth. In this paper, it is shown that another volume criterion must also be satisfied, arising from the fact that in all these models, no decohesion is allowed at the particle-matrix interface. A fracture mechanics approach, where linear and non linear elasticity are assumed for the matrix and the rubber particle respectively, is used to define a void formation criterion depending on the rubber fracture surface energy. After formation, the stability of the void is examined, taking into account the volume conservation between matrix and particle and the stress due to surface tension when the void size is very small. A size effect is observed, indicating that voids cannot grow in small particles. The required value of fracture energy in a particle on a microscopic scale is discussed.
© EDP Sciences 1996