1st European Mechanics of Materials Conference on Local Approach to Fracture '86 - 96'
J. Phys. IV France 06 (1996) C6-325-C6-334
Numerical Modeling of the Ductile-Brittle TransitionA. Needleman
Division of Engineering, Brown University Providence, RI, 02912, U.S.A.
Numerical studies of the ductile-brittle transition are described that are based on incorporating physically based models of the competing fracture mechanisms into the material's constitutive relation. An elastic-viscoplastic constitutive relation for a porous plastic solid is used to model ductile fracture by the nucleation and subsequent growth of voids to coalescence. Cleavage is modeled in terms of attaining a temperature and strain rate independent critical value of the maximum principal stress over a specified material region. Various analyses of ductile-brittle transitions carried out within this framework are discussed. The fracture mode transition emerges as a natural outcome of the initial/boundary value problem solution.
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