1st European Mechanics of Materials Conference on Local Approach to Fracture '86 - 96'
J. Phys. IV France 06 (1996) C6-235-C6-242
Application of Local Approach to Quantitative Prediction of Degradation in Fracture Toughness of Steels Due to Pre-Straining and IrradiationT. Miyata and T. Tagawa
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Nagoya University, 464-01 Nagoya, Japan
Degradation of cleavage fracture toughness for low carbon steels due to pre-straining and irradiation was investigated on the basis of the local fracture criterion approach. Formulation of cleavage fracture toughness through the statistical modelling proposed by BEREMIN has been simplified by the present authors to the expression involving yield stress and cleavage fracture stress of materials. A few percent pre-strain induced by cold rolling deteriorates significantly the cleavage fracture toughness. Ductile-brittle transition temperature is increased to more than 70°C higher by 8% straining in 500MPa class high strength steel. Quantitative prediction of degradation has been successfully examined through the formulation of the cleavage fracture toughness. Analytical and experimental results indicate that degradation in toughness is caused by the increase of flow stress in pre-strained materials. Quantitative prediction of degradation of toughness due to irradiation has been also examined for the past experiments on the basis of the local fracture criterion approach. Analytical prediction from variance of yield stress by irradiation is well consistent with the experimental results.
© EDP Sciences 1996