International Seminar on Mechanics and Mechanisms of Solid-Solid Phase Transformations
J. Phys. IV France 06 (1996) C1-445-C1-454
Micromechanics of Transformation-Induced Plasticity and Variant CoalescenceF. Marketz1, F.D. Fischer1, 2 and K. Tanaka3
1 Christian Doppler Laboratory for Micromechanics of Materials, University for Mining and Metallurgy, 8700 Leoben, Austria
2 Institute of Mechanics, University for Mining and Metallurgy, 8700 Leoben, Austria
3 Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Technology, Department of Aerospace Engineering, Asahigaoka 6-6, Hino-Tokyo, Japan
Quantitative micromechanics descriptions of both transformation-induced plasticity (TRIP) associated with the martensitic transformation in an Fe-Ni alloy and of variant coalescence in a Cu-Al-Ni shape memory alloy are presented. The macroscopic deformation behavior of a polycrystalline aggregate as a result of the rearrangements within the crystallites is modelled with the help of a finite element based periodic microfield approach. In the case of TRIP the parent → martensite transformation is described by microscale thermodynamic and kinetic equations taking into account internal stress states. The simulation of a classical experiment on TRIP allows to quantify the Magee-effect and the Greenwood-Johnson effect. Furthermore, the development of the martensitic microstructure is studied with respect to the stress-assisted transformation of preferred variants. In the case of variant coalescence the strain energy due to internal stress states has an important influence on the mechanical behavior. Formulating the reorientation process on the size scale of self-accommodating plate groups in terms of the mobility of the boundaries between martensitic variants the macroscopic behavior in uniaxial tension is predicted by an incremental modelling procedure. Furthermore, influence of energy dissipation on the overall behavior is quantified.
© EDP Sciences 1996