J. Phys. IV France 05 (1995) C8-445-C8-450
Formation Process of Lamella Structures by Deformation in an Fe-Mn-Si-Cr-Ni Shape Memory AlloyT. Kikuchi1, 2, S. Kajiwara1 and Y. Tomota3
1 National Research Institute for Metals, 1-2-1 Sengen, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305, Japan
2 T. Kikuchi is studying also in the special Course of the graduate school of Ibaraki University
3 Department of Materials Science, Faculty of Engineering, Ibaraki University, Hitachi, Ibaraki 316, Japan
For Fe-Mn-Si-Cr-Ni shape memory alloys, it was previously found by HREM study that the formation of the nanometric lamella structures consisting of f.c.c. and h.c.p. phase is very important to exhibit good shape memory effect. In the present work, the formation process of such lamella structures has been studied in detail. The results are as follows. The transformation is initiated by random formation of extremely thin martensite plates with 1-2 nm width and then these plates are clustered and some of them coalesce to form thicker martensite plates with increasing deformation. The clustered regions are 400-600 nm wide and will correspond to the above mentioned lamella structures. These clustered regions are considered also to correspond to the thinnest martensite plate observable with optical microscope. In the optical microscopic scale, the thin martenite plates with the smallest width are formed rather uniformly in an austenite grain, and with further increasing deformation, they are clustered and coalesce into thicker plates with 3-8 µm width.
© EDP Sciences 1995