J. Phys. IV France 04 (1994) C9-141-C9-144
Time-resolved XAS and XRD studies on the solid-state ion exchange of platinum into zeolite YU. Hatje, T. Ressler, S. Petersen and H. Förster
Institute of Physical Chemistry, University of Hamburg, Bundesstr. 45, 20146 Hamburg, Germany
The course of solid-state ion exchange of NH4Y zeolite with platinum oxide, chloride and bromide was monitored by TPR, XRD and - for the first time - by DEXAFS. In the absence of air PtO2 and PtCl2 are reduced at about 300°C to oxidation state zero by ammonia from the zeolite under formation of highly dispersed platinum clusters. In the presence of air this reduction is inhibited and the chlorine neighbour of Pt is replaced by oxygen. Hydrogen treatment resulted in a reduction to a formal oxidation number lower than zero which might be tentatively explained either by formation of a hydride phase or by quantum-size effects. In situ XRD experiments prove the migration of the salt components into the channels of the zeolite, although partial reaction at the outer surface cannot be excluded. In the case of platinum bromide, after reaction bromine cannot be completely removed from the sample, even at 500°C.
© EDP Sciences 1994