J. Phys. IV France 04 (1994) C4-273-C4-273
A comparative study of pulsed Nd:YAG and CO2 laser effect on cardiovascular tissueD. YOVA1, E. PAPADAKIS2, K. KASSIS3, E. AGAPITOS4, N. KAVANTZAS4, D. KOUTSOURIS3 and A. SERAFETINIDIS1
1 National Technical University of Athens, Department of Physics, Laboratory of Applied Biophysics, Greece
2 Onassion Cardiosurgical Center
3 National Technical University of Athens, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Biomedical Engineering Laboratory, Greece
4 Medical School, Department of Pathology, University of Athens, Greece
Percutaneous laser angioplasty is receiving increasing attention, as laser ablation of atheromatous plaque presents advantages to direct surgery or balloon angioplasty. One of the main prerequisites of using powerful pulsed lasers in angioplasty is the optimum choice of the irradiation parameters (the wavelength, the pulse shape and duration, the energy parameters e.t.c.). Infrared lasers have numerous applications in surgery. Among them the pulsed CO2 laser emitting at 10.6 µm and the pulsed Nd:YAG laser emitting at 1.064 µm are the most widely used, since the delivery of laser energy in short pulses of high peak pulse power limits distant thermal effects. The CO2 laser wavelength is greatly absorbed by tissue water, while the Nd:YAG laser wavelengths is poorly absorbed by water or other tissue chromophores, affecting deeper the tissue. The CO2 laser incises effectively the tissue, but presents inadequate coagulation, while the Nd:YAG laser seems to present better coagulation properties. In this work, a comparative study of pulsed Nd:YAG and CO2 lasers in ablating cardiovascular tissues, is presented. The irradiation regime of the two lasers was determined, for the specific tissue or/and pathology. Also the depth of thermally induced coagulation was determined. The results are presented according to the efficacy of each laser for incision or/and coagulation. The benefits of combined action of the two lasers are also discussed.
© EDP Sciences 1994