Troisiéme Conférence Européenne sur les Matériaux et les Procédés Avancés
J. Phys. IV France 03 (1993) C7-371-C7-376
The microstructure of plasma arc cold-hearth melted Ti-48Al-2Mn-2NbT.P. JOHNSON, N.E. JESPER, J.M. YOUNG, R.M. WARD and M.H. JACOBS
The Interdisciplinary Research Centre in Materials for High Performance Applications, The University of Birmingham, Elms Road, Edgabaston, B15 2TT, United Kingdom
The purpose of this paper is to show the results of some work at the IRC in Materials for High Performance Applications at the University of Birmingham into the effect of processing and process parameters on the microstructure, macrostructure and chemistry of 100 mm diameter single plasma-melted ingots of a gamma-based titanium aluminide (Ti-48at%Al-2at%Mn-2at%Nb). The microstructure of the as-melted bars is almost completely lamellar and consists of a chill layer of fine prior alpha grains at the surface and larger columnar grains growing into the centre of the bar. These microstructural features show little variation with processing conditions. The orientations of the alpha grains have been used to determine the effect of plasma torch current and ingot withdrawal rate on melt pool shape under a variety of operating conditions and it has been established that, at typical operating conditions, the ingot withdrawal rate has a more significant effect on melt pool depth than the plasma torch current, especially at faster withdrawal rates. Chemical analyses has shown that there is negligible net loss of any of the major alloying elements, although the degree of as-cast chemical homogeneity needs to be increased in the light of the extreme microstructural sensitivity. Further investigation has shown that one major cause of inhomogeneity is macrosegregation induced by short-term variations in melt pool shape. The implications of these results for the processing of titanium aluminides are then discussed.
© EDP Sciences 1993