Numéro
J. Phys. IV France
Volume 03, Numéro C7, Novembre 1993
The 3rd European Conference on Advanced Materials and Processes
Troisiéme Conférence Européenne sur les Matériaux et les Procédés Avancés
Page(s) C7-835 - C7-840
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/jp4:19937131
The 3rd European Conference on Advanced Materials and Processes
Troisiéme Conférence Européenne sur les Matériaux et les Procédés Avancés

J. Phys. IV France 03 (1993) C7-835-C7-840

DOI: 10.1051/jp4:19937131

Semi-solid processing of tool steel

P. KAPRANOS, D.H. KIRKWOOD and C.M. SELLARS

The University of Sheffield, Department of Engineering Materials, P.O. Box 600, Sir Robert Hadfield Bldg., Mappin Street, Sheffield S1 4DU, England


Abstract
Semi-solid processing (SSP) of alloys has been used commercially since the early eighties for the manufacture of components in the automobile and aerospace industries. The thrust of the early development has been in aluminium and copper alloys. The nature of the process makes it an ideal candidate for the manufacture of components in alloys which are either difficult or virtually impossible to forge by conventional means. Alloys such as tool steels, stellites and superalloys, offer the possibility of lucrative niche for commercial exploitation. The work described in this paper is the result of three years of development in the semi-solid processing of high melting point alloys. The development of the appropriate microstructures for thixoforming M2 tool steel (both through Spray Formed and Recrystallisation and Partial Melting (RAP) routes) is examined and discussed. The thixoforming of M2 tool steel in non-metallic dies is described in some detail, together with the way process parameters appear to affect the structure and properties of the final product. The resulting microstructures are closely examined and presented with values of mechanical properties in the as forged and heat treated conditions.



© EDP Sciences 1993