Le Journal de Physique IV 03 (1993) C5-215-C5-222
Coherent excitonic effects in quantum wellsJ. SHAH and D.S. KIM
AT&T Bell Laboratories, Holmdel, NJ 07733, U.SA.
Coherent transient spectroscopy of semiconductor nanostructures has become an active field of research in recent years. Most such experiments are analyzed in terms of a simple two-level model in which the effects of interaction and induced fields are ignored. We discuss two very different cases where inclusion of these generally-neglected effects leads to large and important modification in the temporal response of the system. In the first case, interactions between excitons strongly modify the temporal response of four-wave-mixing (FWM) signals from quantum wells. This is the temporal analog of well-known effects in the spectral domain, such as bleaching of the exciton absorption and bandgap renormalization. In the second case, the shape of a low-intensity pulse is severely distorted after transmission through a typical quantum well sample. Interferometric measurements show that reradiation of induced polarization is responsible for the distortion. The distortion depends strongly on the dephasing time and has important implications for all time-resolved measurements.
© EDP Sciences 1993