Numéro
J. Phys. IV France
Volume 03, Numéro C1, Mai 1993
COMPLEX LIQUID SYSTEMS
Page(s) C1-259 - C1-269
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/jp4:1993122
COMPLEX LIQUID SYSTEMS

J. Phys. IV France 03 (1993) C1-259-C1-269

DOI: 10.1051/jp4:1993122

Nonequilibrium phenomena in lipid membrane phase transitions

P.LAGGNER

Institute of Biophysics and X-ray Structure Research, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Steyrergasse 17, 8010 Graz, Austria


Abstract
Time-resolved X-ray powder diffraction with synchrotron radiation has been applied to study the structural mechanisms of phase transitions in phospholipid model membrane systems at the millisecond time-scale. Transitions were triggered by single IR-pulses from an erbium glass laser. In those transitions where only the periodicity of the lamellar lattice changes, the transitions were found to be instantaneous, and interpreted as martensitic "Umklapp"-mechanisms. For transitions, which involve also a change in symmetry type, most notably the lamellar-to-rippled phase transition, short-lived ordered intermediates have been detected, which do not occur under near-equilibrium conditions. By prolonged incubation at the transition temperatures, it was found that defect structures are created which are conserved upon further changes in thermal conditions, indicating a memory phenomenon.



© EDP Sciences 1993