J. Phys. IV France 7 (1997) C2-389-C2-395
Magnetic Coupling of Ni, Cu and Co Bi- and Trilayers Probed by Magnetic Circular X-Ray DichroismF. May1, M. Tischer1, D. Arvanitis2, J. Hunter Dunn2, H. Henneken1, H. Wende1, R. Chauvistré3 and K. Baberschke1
1 Institut für Experimentalphysik, Freie Universität Berlin, Arnimallee 14, 14195 Berlin-Dahlem, Germany
2 Department of Physics, Uppsala University, Box 530, 751 21 Uppsala, Sweden
3 Institut für Experimentalphysik, Freie Universität Berlin, Arnimallee 14, 14195 Berlin-Dahlem Germany
Using magnetic circular X-ray dichroism (MCXD), Co/Ni, Cu/Co and Cu/Ni trilayers and Co/Cu/Ni and Ni/Cu/Co trilayers grown on a Cu(00l) substrate were investigated. The Co layers were about 2 monolayers (ML) and the Ni layers were between 1.5 and 4.5 ML thick. It was observed that, for Co/Ni bilayers, the entire system has only one Curie temperature, TC. After having been covered by 2-7 ML Cu, Ni and Co films exhibit a significantly lower TC . For trilayers, different Curie temperatures were determined for Ni and Co when separated by a 2-6 ML Cu spacer. The coupling of Ni and Co layers was found to be both ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic, depending on the spacer thickness and the order of the layers.
© EDP Sciences 1997