EDP Sciences Journals List
Issue J. Phys. IV France
Volume 03, Number C9, Décembre 1993
Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on High Temperature Corrosion and Protection of Materials
Actes du 3ème Colloque International sur la Corrosion et la Protection des Matériaux à Haute Température
Page(s) C9-385 - C9-393
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/jp4:1993940

Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on High Temperature Corrosion and Protection of Materials
Actes du 3ème Colloque International sur la Corrosion et la Protection des Matériaux à Haute Température

J. Phys. IV France 03 (1993) C9-385-C9-393

DOI: 10.1051/jp4:1993940

Accelerated oxidation of aluminides at intermediate temperatures

H.J. Grabke, M.W. Brumm, M. Steinhorst and B. Wagemann

Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung GmbH, Düsseldorf, Germany


Abstract
The aluminides NbAl3 and NiAl may show accelerated oxidation in a range of intermediate temperatures 600-1000 °C, especially at reduced oxygen pressures. Such pressures in the range 10-2 to 10-30 bar O2 have been established for exposures in ampoules with the specimens, by enclosing also buffer mixtures such as Cu-Cu2O, Fe3O4-Fe2O3, Ni-NiO etc. NbAl3 disintegrates into small particles (pesting) and NiAl shows internal oxidation, general or localized, and oxidation along grain boundaries. Auger analyses afier oxidation confirmed that oxygen penetrates into grain boundaries of NbAl3 and NiAl. The transport of oxygen through the outer oxide layer appears to be rate controlling, in the case of NbAl3 such transport is possible through Nb2O5 in the scale and in the case of NiAl through other defects caused by insufficient supply of oxygen in the exposures.



© EDP Sciences 1993